A Framework for Summarization of Multi-topic Web Sites

Authors: 

Yongzheng Zhang
Nur Zincir-Heywood
Evangelos Milios

Author Addresses: 

Faculty of Computer Science
Dalhousie University
6050 University Ave.
PO Box 15000
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
B3H 4R2

Abstract: 

Web site summarization, which identifies the essential content covered in a given Web site, plays an important role in Web information management. However, straightforward summarization of an entire Web site with diverse content may lead to a summary heavily biased to the dominant topics covered in the target Web site. In this paper, we propose a two-stage framework for effective summarization of multi-topic Web sites. The first stage identifies the main topics covered in a Web site and the second stage summarizes each topic separately.

In order to identify the different topics covered in a Web site, we perform coupled text- and link-based clustering. In text-based clustering, we investigate the impact of document representation and feature selection on the clustering quality. In link-based clustering, we study co-citation and bibliographic coupling. We demonstrate that text-based clustering based on the selection of features with high variance over Web pages is reliable and that outgoing links can be used to improve the clustering quality if a rich set of cross links is available.

Each individual cluster computed above is summarized using an extraction-based summarization system, which extracts key phrases and key sentences from source documents to generate a summary. We design and develop a classification approach in the cluster summarization stage. The classifier uses statistical and linguistic features to determine the topical significance of each sentence.

Finally, we evaluate the proposed system via a user study. We demonstrate that the proposed clustering summarization approach significantly outperforms the single-topic summarization approach.

Tech Report Number: 
CS-2008-02
Report Date: 
March 19, 2008
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