Optimal Weighted Recombination


Dirk V. Arnold

Author Addresses: 

Faculty of Computer Science
Dalhousie University
6050 University Ave.
PO Box 15000
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
B3H 4R2


Weighted recombination is a means for improving the local search performance of evolution strategies. It aims to make effective use of the information available, without significantly increasing computational costs per time step. In this paper, the potential speed-up resulting from using rank-based weighted recombination is investigated. Optimal weights are computed for the sphere model, and comparisons with the performance of strategies that do not make use of weighted recombination are presented. It is seen that unlike strategies that rely on unweighted recombination and truncation selection, weighted multirecombination evolution strategies are able to improve on the serial efficiency of the (1+1)-ES on the sphere. The implications of the use of weighted recombination for noisy optimization are studied, and parallels to the use of rescaled mutations are drawn. The cumulative step length adaptation mechanism is formulated for the case of an optimally weighted evolution strategy, and its performance is analyzed.

Tech Report Number: 
Report Date: 
August 9, 2004
PDF icon CS-2004-08.pdf575.65 KB